### 3.925 $$\int \frac{e^{-3 \coth ^{-1}(a x)} \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{x^3} \, dx$$

Optimal. Leaf size=187 $-\frac{4 a \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{x \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}+\frac{3 \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{2 x^2 \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}-\frac{\sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{3 a x^3 \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}-\frac{4 a^2 \log (x) \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}+\frac{4 a^2 \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}} \log (a x+1)}{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}$

[Out]

-Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)]/(3*a*Sqrt[1 - 1/(a^2*x^2)]*x^3) + (3*Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)])/(2*Sqrt[1 - 1/(a^2*x^2)]*x^
2) - (4*a*Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)])/(Sqrt[1 - 1/(a^2*x^2)]*x) - (4*a^2*Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)]*Log[x])/Sqrt[1 - 1/(
a^2*x^2)] + (4*a^2*Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)]*Log[1 + a*x])/Sqrt[1 - 1/(a^2*x^2)]

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Rubi [A]  time = 0.279813, antiderivative size = 187, normalized size of antiderivative = 1., number of steps used = 4, number of rules used = 3, integrand size = 27, $$\frac{\text{number of rules}}{\text{integrand size}}$$ = 0.111, Rules used = {6197, 6193, 88} $-\frac{4 a \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{x \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}+\frac{3 \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{2 x^2 \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}-\frac{\sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{3 a x^3 \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}-\frac{4 a^2 \log (x) \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}+\frac{4 a^2 \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}} \log (a x+1)}{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}$

Antiderivative was successfully veriﬁed.

[In]

Int[Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)]/(E^(3*ArcCoth[a*x])*x^3),x]

[Out]

-Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)]/(3*a*Sqrt[1 - 1/(a^2*x^2)]*x^3) + (3*Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)])/(2*Sqrt[1 - 1/(a^2*x^2)]*x^
2) - (4*a*Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)])/(Sqrt[1 - 1/(a^2*x^2)]*x) - (4*a^2*Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)]*Log[x])/Sqrt[1 - 1/(
a^2*x^2)] + (4*a^2*Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)]*Log[1 + a*x])/Sqrt[1 - 1/(a^2*x^2)]

Rule 6197

Int[E^(ArcCoth[(a_.)*(x_)]*(n_.))*(u_.)*((c_) + (d_.)/(x_)^2)^(p_), x_Symbol] :> Dist[(c^IntPart[p]*(c + d/x^2
)^FracPart[p])/(1 - 1/(a^2*x^2))^FracPart[p], Int[u*(1 - 1/(a^2*x^2))^p*E^(n*ArcCoth[a*x]), x], x] /; FreeQ[{a
, c, d, n, p}, x] && EqQ[c + a^2*d, 0] &&  !IntegerQ[n/2] &&  !(IntegerQ[p] || GtQ[c, 0])

Rule 6193

Int[E^(ArcCoth[(a_.)*(x_)]*(n_.))*(u_.)*((c_) + (d_.)/(x_)^2)^(p_.), x_Symbol] :> Dist[c^p/a^(2*p), Int[(u*(-1
+ a*x)^(p - n/2)*(1 + a*x)^(p + n/2))/x^(2*p), x], x] /; FreeQ[{a, c, d, n, p}, x] && EqQ[c + a^2*d, 0] &&  !
IntegerQ[n/2] && (IntegerQ[p] || GtQ[c, 0]) && IntegersQ[2*p, p + n/2]

Rule 88

Int[((a_.) + (b_.)*(x_))^(m_.)*((c_.) + (d_.)*(x_))^(n_.)*((e_.) + (f_.)*(x_))^(p_.), x_Symbol] :> Int[ExpandI
ntegrand[(a + b*x)^m*(c + d*x)^n*(e + f*x)^p, x], x] /; FreeQ[{a, b, c, d, e, f, p}, x] && IntegersQ[m, n] &&
(IntegerQ[p] || (GtQ[m, 0] && GeQ[n, -1]))

Rubi steps

\begin{align*} \int \frac{e^{-3 \coth ^{-1}(a x)} \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{x^3} \, dx &=\frac{\sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}} \int \frac{e^{-3 \coth ^{-1}(a x)} \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}{x^3} \, dx}{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}\\ &=\frac{\sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}} \int \frac{(-1+a x)^2}{x^4 (1+a x)} \, dx}{a \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}\\ &=\frac{\sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}} \int \left (\frac{1}{x^4}-\frac{3 a}{x^3}+\frac{4 a^2}{x^2}-\frac{4 a^3}{x}+\frac{4 a^4}{1+a x}\right ) \, dx}{a \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}\\ &=-\frac{\sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{3 a \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}} x^3}+\frac{3 \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{2 \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}} x^2}-\frac{4 a \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}}}{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}} x}-\frac{4 a^2 \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}} \log (x)}{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}+\frac{4 a^2 \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}} \log (1+a x)}{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}\\ \end{align*}

Mathematica [A]  time = 0.0467831, size = 75, normalized size = 0.4 $\frac{\sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a^2 x^2}} \left (-\frac{4 a^2}{x}-4 a^3 \log (x)+4 a^3 \log (a x+1)+\frac{3 a}{2 x^2}-\frac{1}{3 x^3}\right )}{a \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}$

Antiderivative was successfully veriﬁed.

[In]

Integrate[Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)]/(E^(3*ArcCoth[a*x])*x^3),x]

[Out]

(Sqrt[c - c/(a^2*x^2)]*(-1/(3*x^3) + (3*a)/(2*x^2) - (4*a^2)/x - 4*a^3*Log[x] + 4*a^3*Log[1 + a*x]))/(a*Sqrt[1
- 1/(a^2*x^2)])

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Maple [A]  time = 0.23, size = 90, normalized size = 0.5 \begin{align*} -{\frac{ \left ( 24\,{a}^{3}\ln \left ( x \right ){x}^{3}-24\,{a}^{3}{x}^{3}\ln \left ( ax+1 \right ) +24\,{a}^{2}{x}^{2}-9\,ax+2 \right ) \left ( ax+1 \right ) }{6\, \left ( ax-1 \right ) ^{2}{x}^{2}}\sqrt{{\frac{c \left ({a}^{2}{x}^{2}-1 \right ) }{{a}^{2}{x}^{2}}}} \left ({\frac{ax-1}{ax+1}} \right ) ^{{\frac{3}{2}}}} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

int((c-c/a^2/x^2)^(1/2)*((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/2)/x^3,x)

[Out]

-1/6*(24*a^3*ln(x)*x^3-24*a^3*x^3*ln(a*x+1)+24*a^2*x^2-9*a*x+2)*(c*(a^2*x^2-1)/a^2/x^2)^(1/2)*(a*x+1)*((a*x-1)
/(a*x+1))^(3/2)/(a*x-1)^2/x^2

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Maxima [F]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \int \frac{\sqrt{c - \frac{c}{a^{2} x^{2}}} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{3}{2}}}{x^{3}}\,{d x} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate((c-c/a^2/x^2)^(1/2)*((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/2)/x^3,x, algorithm="maxima")

[Out]

integrate(sqrt(c - c/(a^2*x^2))*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(3/2)/x^3, x)

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Fricas [A]  time = 1.56929, size = 213, normalized size = 1.14 \begin{align*} \frac{24 \, a^{4} \sqrt{c} x^{3} \log \left (\frac{2 \, a^{3} c x^{2} + 2 \, a^{2} c x + \sqrt{a^{2} c}{\left (2 \, a x + 1\right )} \sqrt{c} + a c}{a x^{2} + x}\right ) -{\left (24 \, a^{2} x^{2} - 9 \, a x + 2\right )} \sqrt{a^{2} c}}{6 \, a^{2} x^{3}} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate((c-c/a^2/x^2)^(1/2)*((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/2)/x^3,x, algorithm="fricas")

[Out]

1/6*(24*a^4*sqrt(c)*x^3*log((2*a^3*c*x^2 + 2*a^2*c*x + sqrt(a^2*c)*(2*a*x + 1)*sqrt(c) + a*c)/(a*x^2 + x)) - (
24*a^2*x^2 - 9*a*x + 2)*sqrt(a^2*c))/(a^2*x^3)

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Sympy [F(-1)]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \text{Timed out} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate((c-c/a**2/x**2)**(1/2)*((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))**(3/2)/x**3,x)

[Out]

Timed out

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Giac [F]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \int \frac{\sqrt{c - \frac{c}{a^{2} x^{2}}} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{3}{2}}}{x^{3}}\,{d x} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate((c-c/a^2/x^2)^(1/2)*((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/2)/x^3,x, algorithm="giac")

[Out]

integrate(sqrt(c - c/(a^2*x^2))*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(3/2)/x^3, x)