3.458 $$\int e^{3 \coth ^{-1}(a x)} (c-\frac{c}{a x})^{3/2} \, dx$$

Optimal. Leaf size=118 $\frac{c^3 x \left (1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}\right )^{3/2}}{\left (c-\frac{c}{a x}\right )^{3/2}}-\frac{3 c^2 \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}{a \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a x}}}+\frac{3 c^{3/2} \tanh ^{-1}\left (\frac{\sqrt{c} \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}{\sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a x}}}\right )}{a}$

[Out]

(-3*c^2*Sqrt[1 - 1/(a^2*x^2)])/(a*Sqrt[c - c/(a*x)]) + (c^3*(1 - 1/(a^2*x^2))^(3/2)*x)/(c - c/(a*x))^(3/2) + (
3*c^(3/2)*ArcTanh[(Sqrt[c]*Sqrt[1 - 1/(a^2*x^2)])/Sqrt[c - c/(a*x)]])/a

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Rubi [A]  time = 0.214601, antiderivative size = 118, normalized size of antiderivative = 1., number of steps used = 5, number of rules used = 5, integrand size = 24, $$\frac{\text{number of rules}}{\text{integrand size}}$$ = 0.208, Rules used = {6177, 863, 865, 875, 208} $\frac{c^3 x \left (1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}\right )^{3/2}}{\left (c-\frac{c}{a x}\right )^{3/2}}-\frac{3 c^2 \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}{a \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a x}}}+\frac{3 c^{3/2} \tanh ^{-1}\left (\frac{\sqrt{c} \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}{\sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a x}}}\right )}{a}$

Antiderivative was successfully veriﬁed.

[In]

Int[E^(3*ArcCoth[a*x])*(c - c/(a*x))^(3/2),x]

[Out]

(-3*c^2*Sqrt[1 - 1/(a^2*x^2)])/(a*Sqrt[c - c/(a*x)]) + (c^3*(1 - 1/(a^2*x^2))^(3/2)*x)/(c - c/(a*x))^(3/2) + (
3*c^(3/2)*ArcTanh[(Sqrt[c]*Sqrt[1 - 1/(a^2*x^2)])/Sqrt[c - c/(a*x)]])/a

Rule 6177

Int[E^(ArcCoth[(a_.)*(x_)]*(n_.))*((c_) + (d_.)/(x_))^(p_.), x_Symbol] :> -Dist[c^n, Subst[Int[((c + d*x)^(p -
n)*(1 - x^2/a^2)^(n/2))/x^2, x], x, 1/x], x] /; FreeQ[{a, c, d, p}, x] && EqQ[c + a*d, 0] && IntegerQ[(n - 1)
/2] && (IntegerQ[p] || EqQ[p, n/2] || EqQ[p, n/2 + 1]) && IntegerQ[2*p]

Rule 863

Int[((d_) + (e_.)*(x_))^(m_)*((f_.) + (g_.)*(x_))^(n_)*((a_) + (c_.)*(x_)^2)^(p_), x_Symbol] :> Simp[((d + e*x
)^m*(f + g*x)^(n + 1)*(a + c*x^2)^p)/(g*(n + 1)), x] + Dist[(c*m)/(e*g*(n + 1)), Int[(d + e*x)^(m + 1)*(f + g*
x)^(n + 1)*(a + c*x^2)^(p - 1), x], x] /; FreeQ[{a, c, d, e, f, g}, x] && NeQ[e*f - d*g, 0] && EqQ[c*d^2 + a*e
^2, 0] &&  !IntegerQ[p] && EqQ[m + p, 0] && GtQ[p, 0] && LtQ[n, -1] &&  !(IntegerQ[n + p] && LeQ[n + p + 2, 0]
)

Rule 865

Int[((d_) + (e_.)*(x_))^(m_)*((f_.) + (g_.)*(x_))^(n_)*((a_) + (c_.)*(x_)^2)^(p_), x_Symbol] :> -Simp[((d + e*
x)^m*(f + g*x)^(n + 1)*(a + c*x^2)^p)/(g*(m - n - 1)), x] - Dist[(c*m*(e*f + d*g))/(e^2*g*(m - n - 1)), Int[(d
+ e*x)^(m + 1)*(f + g*x)^n*(a + c*x^2)^(p - 1), x], x] /; FreeQ[{a, c, d, e, f, g, n}, x] && NeQ[e*f - d*g, 0
] && EqQ[c*d^2 + a*e^2, 0] &&  !IntegerQ[p] && EqQ[m + p, 0] && GtQ[p, 0] && NeQ[m - n - 1, 0] &&  !IGtQ[n, 0]
&&  !(IntegerQ[n + p] && LtQ[n + p + 2, 0]) && RationalQ[n]

Rule 875

Int[Sqrt[(d_) + (e_.)*(x_)]/(((f_.) + (g_.)*(x_))*Sqrt[(a_) + (c_.)*(x_)^2]), x_Symbol] :> Dist[2*e^2, Subst[I
nt[1/(c*(e*f + d*g) + e^2*g*x^2), x], x, Sqrt[a + c*x^2]/Sqrt[d + e*x]], x] /; FreeQ[{a, c, d, e, f, g}, x] &&
NeQ[e*f - d*g, 0] && EqQ[c*d^2 + a*e^2, 0]

Rule 208

Int[((a_) + (b_.)*(x_)^2)^(-1), x_Symbol] :> Simp[(Rt[-(a/b), 2]*ArcTanh[x/Rt[-(a/b), 2]])/a, x] /; FreeQ[{a,
b}, x] && NegQ[a/b]

Rubi steps

\begin{align*} \int e^{3 \coth ^{-1}(a x)} \left (c-\frac{c}{a x}\right )^{3/2} \, dx &=-\left (c^3 \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{\left (1-\frac{x^2}{a^2}\right )^{3/2}}{x^2 \left (c-\frac{c x}{a}\right )^{3/2}} \, dx,x,\frac{1}{x}\right )\right )\\ &=\frac{c^3 \left (1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}\right )^{3/2} x}{\left (c-\frac{c}{a x}\right )^{3/2}}-\frac{\left (3 c^2\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{\sqrt{1-\frac{x^2}{a^2}}}{x \sqrt{c-\frac{c x}{a}}} \, dx,x,\frac{1}{x}\right )}{2 a}\\ &=-\frac{3 c^2 \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}{a \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a x}}}+\frac{c^3 \left (1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}\right )^{3/2} x}{\left (c-\frac{c}{a x}\right )^{3/2}}-\frac{(3 c) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{\sqrt{c-\frac{c x}{a}}}{x \sqrt{1-\frac{x^2}{a^2}}} \, dx,x,\frac{1}{x}\right )}{2 a}\\ &=-\frac{3 c^2 \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}{a \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a x}}}+\frac{c^3 \left (1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}\right )^{3/2} x}{\left (c-\frac{c}{a x}\right )^{3/2}}-\frac{\left (3 c^3\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{1}{-\frac{c}{a^2}+\frac{c^2 x^2}{a^2}} \, dx,x,\frac{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}{\sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a x}}}\right )}{a^3}\\ &=-\frac{3 c^2 \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}{a \sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a x}}}+\frac{c^3 \left (1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}\right )^{3/2} x}{\left (c-\frac{c}{a x}\right )^{3/2}}+\frac{3 c^{3/2} \tanh ^{-1}\left (\frac{\sqrt{c} \sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a^2 x^2}}}{\sqrt{c-\frac{c}{a x}}}\right )}{a}\\ \end{align*}

Mathematica [C]  time = 0.0440087, size = 66, normalized size = 0.56 $-\frac{2 \left (\frac{1}{a x}+1\right )^{5/2} \left (c-\frac{c}{a x}\right )^{3/2} \text{Hypergeometric2F1}\left (2,\frac{5}{2},\frac{7}{2},\frac{1}{a x}+1\right )}{5 a \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{3/2}}$

Warning: Unable to verify antiderivative.

[In]

Integrate[E^(3*ArcCoth[a*x])*(c - c/(a*x))^(3/2),x]

[Out]

(-2*(1 + 1/(a*x))^(5/2)*(c - c/(a*x))^(3/2)*Hypergeometric2F1[2, 5/2, 7/2, 1 + 1/(a*x)])/(5*a*(1 - 1/(a*x))^(3
/2))

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Maple [A]  time = 0.181, size = 118, normalized size = 1. \begin{align*}{\frac{c \left ( ax-1 \right ) }{2\,ax+2}\sqrt{{\frac{c \left ( ax-1 \right ) }{ax}}} \left ( 2\,{a}^{3/2}x\sqrt{ \left ( ax+1 \right ) x}+3\,\ln \left ( 1/2\,{\frac{2\,\sqrt{ \left ( ax+1 \right ) x}\sqrt{a}+2\,ax+1}{\sqrt{a}}} \right ) xa-4\,\sqrt{ \left ( ax+1 \right ) x}\sqrt{a} \right ) \left ({\frac{ax-1}{ax+1}} \right ) ^{-{\frac{3}{2}}}{a}^{-{\frac{3}{2}}}{\frac{1}{\sqrt{ \left ( ax+1 \right ) x}}}} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

int(1/((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/2)*(c-c/a/x)^(3/2),x)

[Out]

1/2/((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/2)*(a*x-1)/(a*x+1)*(c*(a*x-1)/a/x)^(1/2)*c/a^(3/2)*(2*a^(3/2)*x*((a*x+1)*x)^(1/2)+3*l
n(1/2*(2*((a*x+1)*x)^(1/2)*a^(1/2)+2*a*x+1)/a^(1/2))*x*a-4*((a*x+1)*x)^(1/2)*a^(1/2))/((a*x+1)*x)^(1/2)

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Maxima [F]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \int \frac{{\left (c - \frac{c}{a x}\right )}^{\frac{3}{2}}}{\left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{3}{2}}}\,{d x} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate(1/((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/2)*(c-c/a/x)^(3/2),x, algorithm="maxima")

[Out]

integrate((c - c/(a*x))^(3/2)/((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(3/2), x)

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Fricas [A]  time = 2.24657, size = 668, normalized size = 5.66 \begin{align*} \left [\frac{3 \,{\left (a c x - c\right )} \sqrt{c} \log \left (-\frac{8 \, a^{3} c x^{3} - 7 \, a c x + 4 \,{\left (2 \, a^{3} x^{3} + 3 \, a^{2} x^{2} + a x\right )} \sqrt{c} \sqrt{\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}} \sqrt{\frac{a c x - c}{a x}} - c}{a x - 1}\right ) + 4 \,{\left (a^{2} c x^{2} - a c x - 2 \, c\right )} \sqrt{\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}} \sqrt{\frac{a c x - c}{a x}}}{4 \,{\left (a^{2} x - a\right )}}, -\frac{3 \,{\left (a c x - c\right )} \sqrt{-c} \arctan \left (\frac{2 \,{\left (a^{2} x^{2} + a x\right )} \sqrt{-c} \sqrt{\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}} \sqrt{\frac{a c x - c}{a x}}}{2 \, a^{2} c x^{2} - a c x - c}\right ) - 2 \,{\left (a^{2} c x^{2} - a c x - 2 \, c\right )} \sqrt{\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}} \sqrt{\frac{a c x - c}{a x}}}{2 \,{\left (a^{2} x - a\right )}}\right ] \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate(1/((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/2)*(c-c/a/x)^(3/2),x, algorithm="fricas")

[Out]

[1/4*(3*(a*c*x - c)*sqrt(c)*log(-(8*a^3*c*x^3 - 7*a*c*x + 4*(2*a^3*x^3 + 3*a^2*x^2 + a*x)*sqrt(c)*sqrt((a*x -
1)/(a*x + 1))*sqrt((a*c*x - c)/(a*x)) - c)/(a*x - 1)) + 4*(a^2*c*x^2 - a*c*x - 2*c)*sqrt((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))*
sqrt((a*c*x - c)/(a*x)))/(a^2*x - a), -1/2*(3*(a*c*x - c)*sqrt(-c)*arctan(2*(a^2*x^2 + a*x)*sqrt(-c)*sqrt((a*x
- 1)/(a*x + 1))*sqrt((a*c*x - c)/(a*x))/(2*a^2*c*x^2 - a*c*x - c)) - 2*(a^2*c*x^2 - a*c*x - 2*c)*sqrt((a*x -
1)/(a*x + 1))*sqrt((a*c*x - c)/(a*x)))/(a^2*x - a)]

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Sympy [F(-1)]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \text{Timed out} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate(1/((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))**(3/2)*(c-c/a/x)**(3/2),x)

[Out]

Timed out

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Giac [F]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \int \frac{{\left (c - \frac{c}{a x}\right )}^{\frac{3}{2}}}{\left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{3}{2}}}\,{d x} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate(1/((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/2)*(c-c/a/x)^(3/2),x, algorithm="giac")

[Out]

integrate((c - c/(a*x))^(3/2)/((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(3/2), x)