### 3.102 $$\int \frac{e^{-\frac{3}{2} \coth ^{-1}(a x)}}{x^3} \, dx$$

Optimal. Leaf size=319 $\frac{1}{2} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{7/4} \sqrt [4]{\frac{1}{a x}+1}+\frac{3}{4} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{3/4} \sqrt [4]{\frac{1}{a x}+1}-\frac{9 a^2 \log \left (\frac{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt{\frac{1}{a x}+1}}-\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{\frac{1}{a x}+1}}+1\right )}{8 \sqrt{2}}+\frac{9 a^2 \log \left (\frac{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt{\frac{1}{a x}+1}}+\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{\frac{1}{a x}+1}}+1\right )}{8 \sqrt{2}}+\frac{9 a^2 \tan ^{-1}\left (1-\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{\frac{1}{a x}+1}}\right )}{4 \sqrt{2}}-\frac{9 a^2 \tan ^{-1}\left (\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{\frac{1}{a x}+1}}+1\right )}{4 \sqrt{2}}$

[Out]

(3*a^2*(1 - 1/(a*x))^(3/4)*(1 + 1/(a*x))^(1/4))/4 + (a^2*(1 - 1/(a*x))^(7/4)*(1 + 1/(a*x))^(1/4))/2 + (9*a^2*A
rcTan[1 - (Sqrt[2]*(1 - 1/(a*x))^(1/4))/(1 + 1/(a*x))^(1/4)])/(4*Sqrt[2]) - (9*a^2*ArcTan[1 + (Sqrt[2]*(1 - 1/
(a*x))^(1/4))/(1 + 1/(a*x))^(1/4)])/(4*Sqrt[2]) - (9*a^2*Log[1 + Sqrt[1 - 1/(a*x)]/Sqrt[1 + 1/(a*x)] - (Sqrt[2
]*(1 - 1/(a*x))^(1/4))/(1 + 1/(a*x))^(1/4)])/(8*Sqrt[2]) + (9*a^2*Log[1 + Sqrt[1 - 1/(a*x)]/Sqrt[1 + 1/(a*x)]
+ (Sqrt[2]*(1 - 1/(a*x))^(1/4))/(1 + 1/(a*x))^(1/4)])/(8*Sqrt[2])

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Rubi [A]  time = 0.246536, antiderivative size = 319, normalized size of antiderivative = 1., number of steps used = 14, number of rules used = 11, integrand size = 14, $$\frac{\text{number of rules}}{\text{integrand size}}$$ = 0.786, Rules used = {6171, 80, 50, 63, 331, 297, 1162, 617, 204, 1165, 628} $\frac{1}{2} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{7/4} \sqrt [4]{\frac{1}{a x}+1}+\frac{3}{4} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{3/4} \sqrt [4]{\frac{1}{a x}+1}-\frac{9 a^2 \log \left (\frac{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt{\frac{1}{a x}+1}}-\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{\frac{1}{a x}+1}}+1\right )}{8 \sqrt{2}}+\frac{9 a^2 \log \left (\frac{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt{\frac{1}{a x}+1}}+\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{\frac{1}{a x}+1}}+1\right )}{8 \sqrt{2}}+\frac{9 a^2 \tan ^{-1}\left (1-\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{\frac{1}{a x}+1}}\right )}{4 \sqrt{2}}-\frac{9 a^2 \tan ^{-1}\left (\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{\frac{1}{a x}+1}}+1\right )}{4 \sqrt{2}}$

Antiderivative was successfully veriﬁed.

[In]

Int[1/(E^((3*ArcCoth[a*x])/2)*x^3),x]

[Out]

(3*a^2*(1 - 1/(a*x))^(3/4)*(1 + 1/(a*x))^(1/4))/4 + (a^2*(1 - 1/(a*x))^(7/4)*(1 + 1/(a*x))^(1/4))/2 + (9*a^2*A
rcTan[1 - (Sqrt[2]*(1 - 1/(a*x))^(1/4))/(1 + 1/(a*x))^(1/4)])/(4*Sqrt[2]) - (9*a^2*ArcTan[1 + (Sqrt[2]*(1 - 1/
(a*x))^(1/4))/(1 + 1/(a*x))^(1/4)])/(4*Sqrt[2]) - (9*a^2*Log[1 + Sqrt[1 - 1/(a*x)]/Sqrt[1 + 1/(a*x)] - (Sqrt[2
]*(1 - 1/(a*x))^(1/4))/(1 + 1/(a*x))^(1/4)])/(8*Sqrt[2]) + (9*a^2*Log[1 + Sqrt[1 - 1/(a*x)]/Sqrt[1 + 1/(a*x)]
+ (Sqrt[2]*(1 - 1/(a*x))^(1/4))/(1 + 1/(a*x))^(1/4)])/(8*Sqrt[2])

Rule 6171

Int[E^(ArcCoth[(a_.)*(x_)]*(n_))*(x_)^(m_.), x_Symbol] :> -Subst[Int[(1 + x/a)^(n/2)/(x^(m + 2)*(1 - x/a)^(n/2
)), x], x, 1/x] /; FreeQ[{a, n}, x] &&  !IntegerQ[n] && IntegerQ[m]

Rule 80

Int[((a_.) + (b_.)*(x_))*((c_.) + (d_.)*(x_))^(n_.)*((e_.) + (f_.)*(x_))^(p_.), x_Symbol] :> Simp[(b*(c + d*x)
^(n + 1)*(e + f*x)^(p + 1))/(d*f*(n + p + 2)), x] + Dist[(a*d*f*(n + p + 2) - b*(d*e*(n + 1) + c*f*(p + 1)))/(
d*f*(n + p + 2)), Int[(c + d*x)^n*(e + f*x)^p, x], x] /; FreeQ[{a, b, c, d, e, f, n, p}, x] && NeQ[n + p + 2,
0]

Rule 50

Int[((a_.) + (b_.)*(x_))^(m_)*((c_.) + (d_.)*(x_))^(n_), x_Symbol] :> Simp[((a + b*x)^(m + 1)*(c + d*x)^n)/(b*
(m + n + 1)), x] + Dist[(n*(b*c - a*d))/(b*(m + n + 1)), Int[(a + b*x)^m*(c + d*x)^(n - 1), x], x] /; FreeQ[{a
, b, c, d}, x] && NeQ[b*c - a*d, 0] && GtQ[n, 0] && NeQ[m + n + 1, 0] &&  !(IGtQ[m, 0] && ( !IntegerQ[n] || (G
tQ[m, 0] && LtQ[m - n, 0]))) &&  !ILtQ[m + n + 2, 0] && IntLinearQ[a, b, c, d, m, n, x]

Rule 63

Int[((a_.) + (b_.)*(x_))^(m_)*((c_.) + (d_.)*(x_))^(n_), x_Symbol] :> With[{p = Denominator[m]}, Dist[p/b, Sub
st[Int[x^(p*(m + 1) - 1)*(c - (a*d)/b + (d*x^p)/b)^n, x], x, (a + b*x)^(1/p)], x]] /; FreeQ[{a, b, c, d}, x] &
& NeQ[b*c - a*d, 0] && LtQ[-1, m, 0] && LeQ[-1, n, 0] && LeQ[Denominator[n], Denominator[m]] && IntLinearQ[a,
b, c, d, m, n, x]

Rule 331

Int[(x_)^(m_.)*((a_) + (b_.)*(x_)^(n_))^(p_), x_Symbol] :> Dist[a^(p + (m + 1)/n), Subst[Int[x^m/(1 - b*x^n)^(
p + (m + 1)/n + 1), x], x, x/(a + b*x^n)^(1/n)], x] /; FreeQ[{a, b}, x] && IGtQ[n, 0] && LtQ[-1, p, 0] && NeQ[
p, -2^(-1)] && IntegersQ[m, p + (m + 1)/n]

Rule 297

Int[(x_)^2/((a_) + (b_.)*(x_)^4), x_Symbol] :> With[{r = Numerator[Rt[a/b, 2]], s = Denominator[Rt[a/b, 2]]},
Dist[1/(2*s), Int[(r + s*x^2)/(a + b*x^4), x], x] - Dist[1/(2*s), Int[(r - s*x^2)/(a + b*x^4), x], x]] /; Free
Q[{a, b}, x] && (GtQ[a/b, 0] || (PosQ[a/b] && AtomQ[SplitProduct[SumBaseQ, a]] && AtomQ[SplitProduct[SumBaseQ,
b]]))

Rule 1162

Int[((d_) + (e_.)*(x_)^2)/((a_) + (c_.)*(x_)^4), x_Symbol] :> With[{q = Rt[(2*d)/e, 2]}, Dist[e/(2*c), Int[1/S
imp[d/e + q*x + x^2, x], x], x] + Dist[e/(2*c), Int[1/Simp[d/e - q*x + x^2, x], x], x]] /; FreeQ[{a, c, d, e},
x] && EqQ[c*d^2 - a*e^2, 0] && PosQ[d*e]

Rule 617

Int[((a_) + (b_.)*(x_) + (c_.)*(x_)^2)^(-1), x_Symbol] :> With[{q = 1 - 4*Simplify[(a*c)/b^2]}, Dist[-2/b, Sub
st[Int[1/(q - x^2), x], x, 1 + (2*c*x)/b], x] /; RationalQ[q] && (EqQ[q^2, 1] ||  !RationalQ[b^2 - 4*a*c])] /;
FreeQ[{a, b, c}, x] && NeQ[b^2 - 4*a*c, 0]

Rule 204

Int[((a_) + (b_.)*(x_)^2)^(-1), x_Symbol] :> -Simp[ArcTan[(Rt[-b, 2]*x)/Rt[-a, 2]]/(Rt[-a, 2]*Rt[-b, 2]), x] /
; FreeQ[{a, b}, x] && PosQ[a/b] && (LtQ[a, 0] || LtQ[b, 0])

Rule 1165

Int[((d_) + (e_.)*(x_)^2)/((a_) + (c_.)*(x_)^4), x_Symbol] :> With[{q = Rt[(-2*d)/e, 2]}, Dist[e/(2*c*q), Int[
(q - 2*x)/Simp[d/e + q*x - x^2, x], x], x] + Dist[e/(2*c*q), Int[(q + 2*x)/Simp[d/e - q*x - x^2, x], x], x]] /
; FreeQ[{a, c, d, e}, x] && EqQ[c*d^2 - a*e^2, 0] && NegQ[d*e]

Rule 628

Int[((d_) + (e_.)*(x_))/((a_.) + (b_.)*(x_) + (c_.)*(x_)^2), x_Symbol] :> Simp[(d*Log[RemoveContent[a + b*x +
c*x^2, x]])/b, x] /; FreeQ[{a, b, c, d, e}, x] && EqQ[2*c*d - b*e, 0]

Rubi steps

\begin{align*} \int \frac{e^{-\frac{3}{2} \coth ^{-1}(a x)}}{x^3} \, dx &=-\operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{x \left (1-\frac{x}{a}\right )^{3/4}}{\left (1+\frac{x}{a}\right )^{3/4}} \, dx,x,\frac{1}{x}\right )\\ &=\frac{1}{2} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{7/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}+\frac{1}{4} (3 a) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{\left (1-\frac{x}{a}\right )^{3/4}}{\left (1+\frac{x}{a}\right )^{3/4}} \, dx,x,\frac{1}{x}\right )\\ &=\frac{3}{4} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{3/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}+\frac{1}{2} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{7/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}+\frac{1}{8} (9 a) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{1}{\sqrt [4]{1-\frac{x}{a}} \left (1+\frac{x}{a}\right )^{3/4}} \, dx,x,\frac{1}{x}\right )\\ &=\frac{3}{4} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{3/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}+\frac{1}{2} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{7/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}-\frac{1}{2} \left (9 a^2\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{x^2}{\left (2-x^4\right )^{3/4}} \, dx,x,\sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}\right )\\ &=\frac{3}{4} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{3/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}+\frac{1}{2} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{7/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}-\frac{1}{2} \left (9 a^2\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{x^2}{1+x^4} \, dx,x,\frac{\sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )\\ &=\frac{3}{4} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{3/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}+\frac{1}{2} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{7/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}+\frac{1}{4} \left (9 a^2\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{1-x^2}{1+x^4} \, dx,x,\frac{\sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )-\frac{1}{4} \left (9 a^2\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{1+x^2}{1+x^4} \, dx,x,\frac{\sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )\\ &=\frac{3}{4} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{3/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}+\frac{1}{2} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{7/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}-\frac{1}{8} \left (9 a^2\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{1}{1-\sqrt{2} x+x^2} \, dx,x,\frac{\sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )-\frac{1}{8} \left (9 a^2\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{1}{1+\sqrt{2} x+x^2} \, dx,x,\frac{\sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )-\frac{\left (9 a^2\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{\sqrt{2}+2 x}{-1-\sqrt{2} x-x^2} \, dx,x,\frac{\sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )}{8 \sqrt{2}}-\frac{\left (9 a^2\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{\sqrt{2}-2 x}{-1+\sqrt{2} x-x^2} \, dx,x,\frac{\sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )}{8 \sqrt{2}}\\ &=\frac{3}{4} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{3/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}+\frac{1}{2} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{7/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}-\frac{9 a^2 \log \left (1+\frac{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}-\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )}{8 \sqrt{2}}+\frac{9 a^2 \log \left (1+\frac{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}+\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )}{8 \sqrt{2}}-\frac{\left (9 a^2\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{1}{-1-x^2} \, dx,x,1-\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )}{4 \sqrt{2}}+\frac{\left (9 a^2\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{1}{-1-x^2} \, dx,x,1+\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )}{4 \sqrt{2}}\\ &=\frac{3}{4} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{3/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}+\frac{1}{2} a^2 \left (1-\frac{1}{a x}\right )^{7/4} \sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}+\frac{9 a^2 \tan ^{-1}\left (1-\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )}{4 \sqrt{2}}-\frac{9 a^2 \tan ^{-1}\left (1+\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )}{4 \sqrt{2}}-\frac{9 a^2 \log \left (1+\frac{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}-\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )}{8 \sqrt{2}}+\frac{9 a^2 \log \left (1+\frac{\sqrt{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}+\frac{\sqrt{2} \sqrt [4]{1-\frac{1}{a x}}}{\sqrt [4]{1+\frac{1}{a x}}}\right )}{8 \sqrt{2}}\\ \end{align*}

Mathematica [A]  time = 0.203784, size = 174, normalized size = 0.55 $\frac{1}{16} a^2 \left (\frac{24 e^{\frac{1}{2} \coth ^{-1}(a x)}}{e^{2 \coth ^{-1}(a x)}+1}+\frac{32 e^{\frac{1}{2} \coth ^{-1}(a x)}}{\left (e^{2 \coth ^{-1}(a x)}+1\right )^2}-9 \sqrt{2} \log \left (-\sqrt{2} e^{\frac{1}{2} \coth ^{-1}(a x)}+e^{\coth ^{-1}(a x)}+1\right )+9 \sqrt{2} \log \left (\sqrt{2} e^{\frac{1}{2} \coth ^{-1}(a x)}+e^{\coth ^{-1}(a x)}+1\right )-18 \sqrt{2} \tan ^{-1}\left (1-\sqrt{2} e^{\frac{1}{2} \coth ^{-1}(a x)}\right )+18 \sqrt{2} \tan ^{-1}\left (\sqrt{2} e^{\frac{1}{2} \coth ^{-1}(a x)}+1\right )\right )$

Warning: Unable to verify antiderivative.

[In]

Integrate[1/(E^((3*ArcCoth[a*x])/2)*x^3),x]

[Out]

(a^2*((32*E^(ArcCoth[a*x]/2))/(1 + E^(2*ArcCoth[a*x]))^2 + (24*E^(ArcCoth[a*x]/2))/(1 + E^(2*ArcCoth[a*x])) -
18*Sqrt[2]*ArcTan[1 - Sqrt[2]*E^(ArcCoth[a*x]/2)] + 18*Sqrt[2]*ArcTan[1 + Sqrt[2]*E^(ArcCoth[a*x]/2)] - 9*Sqrt
[2]*Log[1 - Sqrt[2]*E^(ArcCoth[a*x]/2) + E^ArcCoth[a*x]] + 9*Sqrt[2]*Log[1 + Sqrt[2]*E^(ArcCoth[a*x]/2) + E^Ar
cCoth[a*x]]))/16

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Maple [F]  time = 0.134, size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \int{\frac{1}{{x}^{3}} \left ({\frac{ax-1}{ax+1}} \right ) ^{{\frac{3}{4}}}}\, dx \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

int(((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/4)/x^3,x)

[Out]

int(((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/4)/x^3,x)

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Maxima [A]  time = 1.51377, size = 308, normalized size = 0.97 \begin{align*} -\frac{1}{16} \,{\left (9 \,{\left (2 \, \sqrt{2} \arctan \left (\frac{1}{2} \, \sqrt{2}{\left (\sqrt{2} + 2 \, \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}}\right )}\right ) + 2 \, \sqrt{2} \arctan \left (-\frac{1}{2} \, \sqrt{2}{\left (\sqrt{2} - 2 \, \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}}\right )}\right ) - \sqrt{2} \log \left (\sqrt{2} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}} + \sqrt{\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}} + 1\right ) + \sqrt{2} \log \left (-\sqrt{2} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}} + \sqrt{\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}} + 1\right )\right )} a - \frac{8 \,{\left (7 \, a \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{7}{4}} + 3 \, a \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{3}{4}}\right )}}{\frac{2 \,{\left (a x - 1\right )}}{a x + 1} + \frac{{\left (a x - 1\right )}^{2}}{{\left (a x + 1\right )}^{2}} + 1}\right )} a \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate(((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/4)/x^3,x, algorithm="maxima")

[Out]

-1/16*(9*(2*sqrt(2)*arctan(1/2*sqrt(2)*(sqrt(2) + 2*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1/4))) + 2*sqrt(2)*arctan(-1/2*sqrt
(2)*(sqrt(2) - 2*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1/4))) - sqrt(2)*log(sqrt(2)*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1/4) + sqrt((a*x -
1)/(a*x + 1)) + 1) + sqrt(2)*log(-sqrt(2)*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1/4) + sqrt((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1)) + 1))*a - 8
*(7*a*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(7/4) + 3*a*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(3/4))/(2*(a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1) + (a*x - 1)^2/(a*x
+ 1)^2 + 1))*a

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Fricas [A]  time = 1.74379, size = 1130, normalized size = 3.54 \begin{align*} \frac{36 \, \sqrt{2}{\left (a^{8}\right )}^{\frac{1}{4}} x^{2} \arctan \left (-\frac{a^{8} + \sqrt{2}{\left (a^{8}\right )}^{\frac{1}{4}} a^{6} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}} - \sqrt{2} \sqrt{a^{12} \sqrt{\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}} + \sqrt{a^{8}} a^{8} + \sqrt{2}{\left (a^{8}\right )}^{\frac{3}{4}} a^{6} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}}}{\left (a^{8}\right )}^{\frac{1}{4}}}{a^{8}}\right ) + 36 \, \sqrt{2}{\left (a^{8}\right )}^{\frac{1}{4}} x^{2} \arctan \left (\frac{a^{8} - \sqrt{2}{\left (a^{8}\right )}^{\frac{1}{4}} a^{6} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}} + \sqrt{2} \sqrt{a^{12} \sqrt{\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}} + \sqrt{a^{8}} a^{8} - \sqrt{2}{\left (a^{8}\right )}^{\frac{3}{4}} a^{6} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}}}{\left (a^{8}\right )}^{\frac{1}{4}}}{a^{8}}\right ) + 9 \, \sqrt{2}{\left (a^{8}\right )}^{\frac{1}{4}} x^{2} \log \left (531441 \, a^{12} \sqrt{\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}} + 531441 \, \sqrt{a^{8}} a^{8} + 531441 \, \sqrt{2}{\left (a^{8}\right )}^{\frac{3}{4}} a^{6} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}}\right ) - 9 \, \sqrt{2}{\left (a^{8}\right )}^{\frac{1}{4}} x^{2} \log \left (531441 \, a^{12} \sqrt{\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}} + 531441 \, \sqrt{a^{8}} a^{8} - 531441 \, \sqrt{2}{\left (a^{8}\right )}^{\frac{3}{4}} a^{6} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}}\right ) + 4 \,{\left (5 \, a^{2} x^{2} + 3 \, a x - 2\right )} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{3}{4}}}{16 \, x^{2}} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate(((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/4)/x^3,x, algorithm="fricas")

[Out]

1/16*(36*sqrt(2)*(a^8)^(1/4)*x^2*arctan(-(a^8 + sqrt(2)*(a^8)^(1/4)*a^6*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1/4) - sqrt(2)*
sqrt(a^12*sqrt((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1)) + sqrt(a^8)*a^8 + sqrt(2)*(a^8)^(3/4)*a^6*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1/4))*(a^
8)^(1/4))/a^8) + 36*sqrt(2)*(a^8)^(1/4)*x^2*arctan((a^8 - sqrt(2)*(a^8)^(1/4)*a^6*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1/4)
+ sqrt(2)*sqrt(a^12*sqrt((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1)) + sqrt(a^8)*a^8 - sqrt(2)*(a^8)^(3/4)*a^6*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^
(1/4))*(a^8)^(1/4))/a^8) + 9*sqrt(2)*(a^8)^(1/4)*x^2*log(531441*a^12*sqrt((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1)) + 531441*sqrt(a
^8)*a^8 + 531441*sqrt(2)*(a^8)^(3/4)*a^6*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1/4)) - 9*sqrt(2)*(a^8)^(1/4)*x^2*log(531441*a
^12*sqrt((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1)) + 531441*sqrt(a^8)*a^8 - 531441*sqrt(2)*(a^8)^(3/4)*a^6*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1
/4)) + 4*(5*a^2*x^2 + 3*a*x - 2)*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(3/4))/x^2

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Sympy [F(-1)]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \text{Timed out} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate(((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))**(3/4)/x**3,x)

[Out]

Timed out

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Giac [A]  time = 1.21282, size = 304, normalized size = 0.95 \begin{align*} -\frac{1}{16} \,{\left (18 \, \sqrt{2} a \arctan \left (\frac{1}{2} \, \sqrt{2}{\left (\sqrt{2} + 2 \, \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}}\right )}\right ) + 18 \, \sqrt{2} a \arctan \left (-\frac{1}{2} \, \sqrt{2}{\left (\sqrt{2} - 2 \, \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}}\right )}\right ) - 9 \, \sqrt{2} a \log \left (\sqrt{2} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}} + \sqrt{\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}} + 1\right ) + 9 \, \sqrt{2} a \log \left (-\sqrt{2} \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{1}{4}} + \sqrt{\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}} + 1\right ) - \frac{8 \,{\left (\frac{7 \,{\left (a x - 1\right )} a \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{3}{4}}}{a x + 1} + 3 \, a \left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1}\right )^{\frac{3}{4}}\right )}}{{\left (\frac{a x - 1}{a x + 1} + 1\right )}^{2}}\right )} a \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate(((a*x-1)/(a*x+1))^(3/4)/x^3,x, algorithm="giac")

[Out]

-1/16*(18*sqrt(2)*a*arctan(1/2*sqrt(2)*(sqrt(2) + 2*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1/4))) + 18*sqrt(2)*a*arctan(-1/2*s
qrt(2)*(sqrt(2) - 2*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1/4))) - 9*sqrt(2)*a*log(sqrt(2)*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1/4) + sqrt
((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1)) + 1) + 9*sqrt(2)*a*log(-sqrt(2)*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(1/4) + sqrt((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))
+ 1) - 8*(7*(a*x - 1)*a*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(3/4)/(a*x + 1) + 3*a*((a*x - 1)/(a*x + 1))^(3/4))/((a*x - 1)/(a
*x + 1) + 1)^2)*a