### 3.58 $$\int (a+b \sin (c+d x))^{4/3} \, dx$$

Optimal. Leaf size=109 $-\frac{\sqrt{2} (a+b) \cos (c+d x) \sqrt [3]{a+b \sin (c+d x)} F_1\left (\frac{1}{2};\frac{1}{2},-\frac{4}{3};\frac{3}{2};\frac{1}{2} (1-\sin (c+d x)),\frac{b (1-\sin (c+d x))}{a+b}\right )}{d \sqrt{\sin (c+d x)+1} \sqrt [3]{\frac{a+b \sin (c+d x)}{a+b}}}$

[Out]

-((Sqrt[2]*(a + b)*AppellF1[1/2, 1/2, -4/3, 3/2, (1 - Sin[c + d*x])/2, (b*(1 - Sin[c + d*x]))/(a + b)]*Cos[c +
d*x]*(a + b*Sin[c + d*x])^(1/3))/(d*Sqrt[1 + Sin[c + d*x]]*((a + b*Sin[c + d*x])/(a + b))^(1/3)))

________________________________________________________________________________________

Rubi [A]  time = 0.0792112, antiderivative size = 109, normalized size of antiderivative = 1., number of steps used = 3, number of rules used = 3, integrand size = 14, $$\frac{\text{number of rules}}{\text{integrand size}}$$ = 0.214, Rules used = {2665, 139, 138} $-\frac{\sqrt{2} (a+b) \cos (c+d x) \sqrt [3]{a+b \sin (c+d x)} F_1\left (\frac{1}{2};\frac{1}{2},-\frac{4}{3};\frac{3}{2};\frac{1}{2} (1-\sin (c+d x)),\frac{b (1-\sin (c+d x))}{a+b}\right )}{d \sqrt{\sin (c+d x)+1} \sqrt [3]{\frac{a+b \sin (c+d x)}{a+b}}}$

Antiderivative was successfully veriﬁed.

[In]

Int[(a + b*Sin[c + d*x])^(4/3),x]

[Out]

-((Sqrt[2]*(a + b)*AppellF1[1/2, 1/2, -4/3, 3/2, (1 - Sin[c + d*x])/2, (b*(1 - Sin[c + d*x]))/(a + b)]*Cos[c +
d*x]*(a + b*Sin[c + d*x])^(1/3))/(d*Sqrt[1 + Sin[c + d*x]]*((a + b*Sin[c + d*x])/(a + b))^(1/3)))

Rule 2665

Int[((a_) + (b_.)*sin[(c_.) + (d_.)*(x_)])^(n_), x_Symbol] :> Dist[Cos[c + d*x]/(d*Sqrt[1 + Sin[c + d*x]]*Sqrt
[1 - Sin[c + d*x]]), Subst[Int[(a + b*x)^n/(Sqrt[1 + x]*Sqrt[1 - x]), x], x, Sin[c + d*x]], x] /; FreeQ[{a, b,
c, d, n}, x] && NeQ[a^2 - b^2, 0] &&  !IntegerQ[2*n]

Rule 139

Int[((a_) + (b_.)*(x_))^(m_)*((c_.) + (d_.)*(x_))^(n_)*((e_.) + (f_.)*(x_))^(p_), x_Symbol] :> Dist[(e + f*x)^
FracPart[p]/((b/(b*e - a*f))^IntPart[p]*((b*(e + f*x))/(b*e - a*f))^FracPart[p]), Int[(a + b*x)^m*(c + d*x)^n*
((b*e)/(b*e - a*f) + (b*f*x)/(b*e - a*f))^p, x], x] /; FreeQ[{a, b, c, d, e, f, m, n, p}, x] &&  !IntegerQ[m]
&&  !IntegerQ[n] &&  !IntegerQ[p] && GtQ[b/(b*c - a*d), 0] &&  !GtQ[b/(b*e - a*f), 0]

Rule 138

Int[((a_) + (b_.)*(x_))^(m_)*((c_.) + (d_.)*(x_))^(n_)*((e_.) + (f_.)*(x_))^(p_), x_Symbol] :> Simp[((a + b*x)
^(m + 1)*AppellF1[m + 1, -n, -p, m + 2, -((d*(a + b*x))/(b*c - a*d)), -((f*(a + b*x))/(b*e - a*f))])/(b*(m + 1
)*(b/(b*c - a*d))^n*(b/(b*e - a*f))^p), x] /; FreeQ[{a, b, c, d, e, f, m, n, p}, x] &&  !IntegerQ[m] &&  !Inte
gerQ[n] &&  !IntegerQ[p] && GtQ[b/(b*c - a*d), 0] && GtQ[b/(b*e - a*f), 0] &&  !(GtQ[d/(d*a - c*b), 0] && GtQ[
d/(d*e - c*f), 0] && SimplerQ[c + d*x, a + b*x]) &&  !(GtQ[f/(f*a - e*b), 0] && GtQ[f/(f*c - e*d), 0] && Simpl
erQ[e + f*x, a + b*x])

Rubi steps

\begin{align*} \int (a+b \sin (c+d x))^{4/3} \, dx &=\frac{\cos (c+d x) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{(a+b x)^{4/3}}{\sqrt{1-x} \sqrt{1+x}} \, dx,x,\sin (c+d x)\right )}{d \sqrt{1-\sin (c+d x)} \sqrt{1+\sin (c+d x)}}\\ &=-\frac{\left ((-a-b) \cos (c+d x) \sqrt [3]{a+b \sin (c+d x)}\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{\left (-\frac{a}{-a-b}-\frac{b x}{-a-b}\right )^{4/3}}{\sqrt{1-x} \sqrt{1+x}} \, dx,x,\sin (c+d x)\right )}{d \sqrt{1-\sin (c+d x)} \sqrt{1+\sin (c+d x)} \sqrt [3]{-\frac{a+b \sin (c+d x)}{-a-b}}}\\ &=-\frac{\sqrt{2} (a+b) F_1\left (\frac{1}{2};\frac{1}{2},-\frac{4}{3};\frac{3}{2};\frac{1}{2} (1-\sin (c+d x)),\frac{b (1-\sin (c+d x))}{a+b}\right ) \cos (c+d x) \sqrt [3]{a+b \sin (c+d x)}}{d \sqrt{1+\sin (c+d x)} \sqrt [3]{\frac{a+b \sin (c+d x)}{a+b}}}\\ \end{align*}

Mathematica [B]  time = 1.57, size = 244, normalized size = 2.24 $-\frac{3 \sec (c+d x) \sqrt [3]{a+b \sin (c+d x)} \left (4 \left (a^2-b^2\right ) \sqrt{-\frac{b (\sin (c+d x)-1)}{a+b}} \sqrt{\frac{b (\sin (c+d x)+1)}{b-a}} F_1\left (\frac{1}{3};\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2};\frac{4}{3};\frac{a+b \sin (c+d x)}{a-b},\frac{a+b \sin (c+d x)}{a+b}\right )-5 a \sqrt{-\frac{b (\sin (c+d x)-1)}{a+b}} \sqrt{\frac{b (\sin (c+d x)+1)}{b-a}} (a+b \sin (c+d x)) F_1\left (\frac{4}{3};\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2};\frac{7}{3};\frac{a+b \sin (c+d x)}{a-b},\frac{a+b \sin (c+d x)}{a+b}\right )+4 b^2 \cos ^2(c+d x)\right )}{16 b d}$

Warning: Unable to verify antiderivative.

[In]

Integrate[(a + b*Sin[c + d*x])^(4/3),x]

[Out]

(-3*Sec[c + d*x]*(a + b*Sin[c + d*x])^(1/3)*(4*b^2*Cos[c + d*x]^2 + 4*(a^2 - b^2)*AppellF1[1/3, 1/2, 1/2, 4/3,
(a + b*Sin[c + d*x])/(a - b), (a + b*Sin[c + d*x])/(a + b)]*Sqrt[-((b*(-1 + Sin[c + d*x]))/(a + b))]*Sqrt[(b*
(1 + Sin[c + d*x]))/(-a + b)] - 5*a*AppellF1[4/3, 1/2, 1/2, 7/3, (a + b*Sin[c + d*x])/(a - b), (a + b*Sin[c +
d*x])/(a + b)]*Sqrt[-((b*(-1 + Sin[c + d*x]))/(a + b))]*Sqrt[(b*(1 + Sin[c + d*x]))/(-a + b)]*(a + b*Sin[c + d
*x])))/(16*b*d)

________________________________________________________________________________________

Maple [F]  time = 0.054, size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \int \left ( a+b\sin \left ( dx+c \right ) \right ) ^{{\frac{4}{3}}}\, dx \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

int((a+b*sin(d*x+c))^(4/3),x)

[Out]

int((a+b*sin(d*x+c))^(4/3),x)

________________________________________________________________________________________

Maxima [F]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \int{\left (b \sin \left (d x + c\right ) + a\right )}^{\frac{4}{3}}\,{d x} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate((a+b*sin(d*x+c))^(4/3),x, algorithm="maxima")

[Out]

integrate((b*sin(d*x + c) + a)^(4/3), x)

________________________________________________________________________________________

Fricas [F]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*}{\rm integral}\left ({\left (b \sin \left (d x + c\right ) + a\right )}^{\frac{4}{3}}, x\right ) \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate((a+b*sin(d*x+c))^(4/3),x, algorithm="fricas")

[Out]

integral((b*sin(d*x + c) + a)^(4/3), x)

________________________________________________________________________________________

Sympy [F(-1)]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \text{Timed out} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate((a+b*sin(d*x+c))**(4/3),x)

[Out]

Timed out

________________________________________________________________________________________

Giac [F]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \int{\left (b \sin \left (d x + c\right ) + a\right )}^{\frac{4}{3}}\,{d x} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate((a+b*sin(d*x+c))^(4/3),x, algorithm="giac")

[Out]

integrate((b*sin(d*x + c) + a)^(4/3), x)