### 3.2186 $$\int \frac{1}{a+b x+c x^2} \, dx$$

Optimal. Leaf size=34 $-\frac{2 \tanh ^{-1}\left (\frac{b+2 c x}{\sqrt{b^2-4 a c}}\right )}{\sqrt{b^2-4 a c}}$

[Out]

(-2*ArcTanh[(b + 2*c*x)/Sqrt[b^2 - 4*a*c]])/Sqrt[b^2 - 4*a*c]

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Rubi [A]  time = 0.0177614, antiderivative size = 34, normalized size of antiderivative = 1., number of steps used = 2, number of rules used = 2, integrand size = 12, $$\frac{\text{number of rules}}{\text{integrand size}}$$ = 0.167, Rules used = {618, 206} $-\frac{2 \tanh ^{-1}\left (\frac{b+2 c x}{\sqrt{b^2-4 a c}}\right )}{\sqrt{b^2-4 a c}}$

Antiderivative was successfully veriﬁed.

[In]

Int[(a + b*x + c*x^2)^(-1),x]

[Out]

(-2*ArcTanh[(b + 2*c*x)/Sqrt[b^2 - 4*a*c]])/Sqrt[b^2 - 4*a*c]

Rule 618

Int[((a_.) + (b_.)*(x_) + (c_.)*(x_)^2)^(-1), x_Symbol] :> Dist[-2, Subst[Int[1/Simp[b^2 - 4*a*c - x^2, x], x]
, x, b + 2*c*x], x] /; FreeQ[{a, b, c}, x] && NeQ[b^2 - 4*a*c, 0]

Rule 206

Int[((a_) + (b_.)*(x_)^2)^(-1), x_Symbol] :> Simp[(1*ArcTanh[(Rt[-b, 2]*x)/Rt[a, 2]])/(Rt[a, 2]*Rt[-b, 2]), x]
/; FreeQ[{a, b}, x] && NegQ[a/b] && (GtQ[a, 0] || LtQ[b, 0])

Rubi steps

\begin{align*} \int \frac{1}{a+b x+c x^2} \, dx &=-\left (2 \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{1}{b^2-4 a c-x^2} \, dx,x,b+2 c x\right )\right )\\ &=-\frac{2 \tanh ^{-1}\left (\frac{b+2 c x}{\sqrt{b^2-4 a c}}\right )}{\sqrt{b^2-4 a c}}\\ \end{align*}

Mathematica [A]  time = 0.0065942, size = 38, normalized size = 1.12 $\frac{2 \tan ^{-1}\left (\frac{b+2 c x}{\sqrt{4 a c-b^2}}\right )}{\sqrt{4 a c-b^2}}$

Antiderivative was successfully veriﬁed.

[In]

Integrate[(a + b*x + c*x^2)^(-1),x]

[Out]

(2*ArcTan[(b + 2*c*x)/Sqrt[-b^2 + 4*a*c]])/Sqrt[-b^2 + 4*a*c]

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Maple [A]  time = 0.148, size = 35, normalized size = 1. \begin{align*} 2\,{\frac{1}{\sqrt{4\,ac-{b}^{2}}}\arctan \left ({\frac{2\,cx+b}{\sqrt{4\,ac-{b}^{2}}}} \right ) } \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

int(1/(c*x^2+b*x+a),x)

[Out]

2/(4*a*c-b^2)^(1/2)*arctan((2*c*x+b)/(4*a*c-b^2)^(1/2))

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Maxima [F(-2)]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \text{Exception raised: ValueError} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate(1/(c*x^2+b*x+a),x, algorithm="maxima")

[Out]

Exception raised: ValueError

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Fricas [A]  time = 1.89937, size = 277, normalized size = 8.15 \begin{align*} \left [\frac{\log \left (\frac{2 \, c^{2} x^{2} + 2 \, b c x + b^{2} - 2 \, a c - \sqrt{b^{2} - 4 \, a c}{\left (2 \, c x + b\right )}}{c x^{2} + b x + a}\right )}{\sqrt{b^{2} - 4 \, a c}}, -\frac{2 \, \sqrt{-b^{2} + 4 \, a c} \arctan \left (-\frac{\sqrt{-b^{2} + 4 \, a c}{\left (2 \, c x + b\right )}}{b^{2} - 4 \, a c}\right )}{b^{2} - 4 \, a c}\right ] \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate(1/(c*x^2+b*x+a),x, algorithm="fricas")

[Out]

[log((2*c^2*x^2 + 2*b*c*x + b^2 - 2*a*c - sqrt(b^2 - 4*a*c)*(2*c*x + b))/(c*x^2 + b*x + a))/sqrt(b^2 - 4*a*c),
-2*sqrt(-b^2 + 4*a*c)*arctan(-sqrt(-b^2 + 4*a*c)*(2*c*x + b)/(b^2 - 4*a*c))/(b^2 - 4*a*c)]

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Sympy [B]  time = 0.196203, size = 124, normalized size = 3.65 \begin{align*} - \sqrt{- \frac{1}{4 a c - b^{2}}} \log{\left (x + \frac{- 4 a c \sqrt{- \frac{1}{4 a c - b^{2}}} + b^{2} \sqrt{- \frac{1}{4 a c - b^{2}}} + b}{2 c} \right )} + \sqrt{- \frac{1}{4 a c - b^{2}}} \log{\left (x + \frac{4 a c \sqrt{- \frac{1}{4 a c - b^{2}}} - b^{2} \sqrt{- \frac{1}{4 a c - b^{2}}} + b}{2 c} \right )} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate(1/(c*x**2+b*x+a),x)

[Out]

-sqrt(-1/(4*a*c - b**2))*log(x + (-4*a*c*sqrt(-1/(4*a*c - b**2)) + b**2*sqrt(-1/(4*a*c - b**2)) + b)/(2*c)) +
sqrt(-1/(4*a*c - b**2))*log(x + (4*a*c*sqrt(-1/(4*a*c - b**2)) - b**2*sqrt(-1/(4*a*c - b**2)) + b)/(2*c))

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Giac [A]  time = 1.11425, size = 46, normalized size = 1.35 \begin{align*} \frac{2 \, \arctan \left (\frac{2 \, c x + b}{\sqrt{-b^{2} + 4 \, a c}}\right )}{\sqrt{-b^{2} + 4 \, a c}} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate(1/(c*x^2+b*x+a),x, algorithm="giac")

[Out]

2*arctan((2*c*x + b)/sqrt(-b^2 + 4*a*c))/sqrt(-b^2 + 4*a*c)