### 3.1335 $$\int \frac{\sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}{(b d+2 c d x)^{3/2}} \, dx$$

Optimal. Leaf size=229 $-\frac{\left (b^2-4 a c\right )^{3/4} \sqrt{-\frac{c \left (a+b x+c x^2\right )}{b^2-4 a c}} \text{EllipticF}\left (\sin ^{-1}\left (\frac{\sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}{\sqrt{d} \sqrt [4]{b^2-4 a c}}\right ),-1\right )}{c^2 d^{3/2} \sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}+\frac{\left (b^2-4 a c\right )^{3/4} \sqrt{-\frac{c \left (a+b x+c x^2\right )}{b^2-4 a c}} E\left (\left .\sin ^{-1}\left (\frac{\sqrt{b d+2 c x d}}{\sqrt [4]{b^2-4 a c} \sqrt{d}}\right )\right |-1\right )}{c^2 d^{3/2} \sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}-\frac{\sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}{c d \sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}$

[Out]

-(Sqrt[a + b*x + c*x^2]/(c*d*Sqrt[b*d + 2*c*d*x])) + ((b^2 - 4*a*c)^(3/4)*Sqrt[-((c*(a + b*x + c*x^2))/(b^2 -
4*a*c))]*EllipticE[ArcSin[Sqrt[b*d + 2*c*d*x]/((b^2 - 4*a*c)^(1/4)*Sqrt[d])], -1])/(c^2*d^(3/2)*Sqrt[a + b*x +
c*x^2]) - ((b^2 - 4*a*c)^(3/4)*Sqrt[-((c*(a + b*x + c*x^2))/(b^2 - 4*a*c))]*EllipticF[ArcSin[Sqrt[b*d + 2*c*d
*x]/((b^2 - 4*a*c)^(1/4)*Sqrt[d])], -1])/(c^2*d^(3/2)*Sqrt[a + b*x + c*x^2])

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Rubi [A]  time = 0.212812, antiderivative size = 229, normalized size of antiderivative = 1., number of steps used = 7, number of rules used = 7, integrand size = 28, $$\frac{\text{number of rules}}{\text{integrand size}}$$ = 0.25, Rules used = {684, 691, 690, 307, 221, 1199, 424} $-\frac{\left (b^2-4 a c\right )^{3/4} \sqrt{-\frac{c \left (a+b x+c x^2\right )}{b^2-4 a c}} F\left (\left .\sin ^{-1}\left (\frac{\sqrt{b d+2 c x d}}{\sqrt [4]{b^2-4 a c} \sqrt{d}}\right )\right |-1\right )}{c^2 d^{3/2} \sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}+\frac{\left (b^2-4 a c\right )^{3/4} \sqrt{-\frac{c \left (a+b x+c x^2\right )}{b^2-4 a c}} E\left (\left .\sin ^{-1}\left (\frac{\sqrt{b d+2 c x d}}{\sqrt [4]{b^2-4 a c} \sqrt{d}}\right )\right |-1\right )}{c^2 d^{3/2} \sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}-\frac{\sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}{c d \sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}$

Antiderivative was successfully veriﬁed.

[In]

Int[Sqrt[a + b*x + c*x^2]/(b*d + 2*c*d*x)^(3/2),x]

[Out]

-(Sqrt[a + b*x + c*x^2]/(c*d*Sqrt[b*d + 2*c*d*x])) + ((b^2 - 4*a*c)^(3/4)*Sqrt[-((c*(a + b*x + c*x^2))/(b^2 -
4*a*c))]*EllipticE[ArcSin[Sqrt[b*d + 2*c*d*x]/((b^2 - 4*a*c)^(1/4)*Sqrt[d])], -1])/(c^2*d^(3/2)*Sqrt[a + b*x +
c*x^2]) - ((b^2 - 4*a*c)^(3/4)*Sqrt[-((c*(a + b*x + c*x^2))/(b^2 - 4*a*c))]*EllipticF[ArcSin[Sqrt[b*d + 2*c*d
*x]/((b^2 - 4*a*c)^(1/4)*Sqrt[d])], -1])/(c^2*d^(3/2)*Sqrt[a + b*x + c*x^2])

Rule 684

Int[((d_) + (e_.)*(x_))^(m_)*((a_.) + (b_.)*(x_) + (c_.)*(x_)^2)^(p_.), x_Symbol] :> Simp[((d + e*x)^(m + 1)*(
a + b*x + c*x^2)^p)/(e*(m + 1)), x] - Dist[(b*p)/(d*e*(m + 1)), Int[(d + e*x)^(m + 2)*(a + b*x + c*x^2)^(p - 1
), x], x] /; FreeQ[{a, b, c, d, e}, x] && NeQ[b^2 - 4*a*c, 0] && EqQ[2*c*d - b*e, 0] && NeQ[m + 2*p + 3, 0] &&
GtQ[p, 0] && LtQ[m, -1] &&  !(IntegerQ[m/2] && LtQ[m + 2*p + 3, 0]) && IntegerQ[2*p]

Rule 691

Int[((d_) + (e_.)*(x_))^(m_)/Sqrt[(a_.) + (b_.)*(x_) + (c_.)*(x_)^2], x_Symbol] :> Dist[Sqrt[-((c*(a + b*x + c
*x^2))/(b^2 - 4*a*c))]/Sqrt[a + b*x + c*x^2], Int[(d + e*x)^m/Sqrt[-((a*c)/(b^2 - 4*a*c)) - (b*c*x)/(b^2 - 4*a
*c) - (c^2*x^2)/(b^2 - 4*a*c)], x], x] /; FreeQ[{a, b, c, d, e}, x] && NeQ[b^2 - 4*a*c, 0] && EqQ[2*c*d - b*e,
0] && EqQ[m^2, 1/4]

Rule 690

Int[Sqrt[(d_) + (e_.)*(x_)]/Sqrt[(a_.) + (b_.)*(x_) + (c_.)*(x_)^2], x_Symbol] :> Dist[(4*Sqrt[-(c/(b^2 - 4*a*
c))])/e, Subst[Int[x^2/Sqrt[Simp[1 - (b^2*x^4)/(d^2*(b^2 - 4*a*c)), x]], x], x, Sqrt[d + e*x]], x] /; FreeQ[{a
, b, c, d, e}, x] && NeQ[b^2 - 4*a*c, 0] && EqQ[2*c*d - b*e, 0] && LtQ[c/(b^2 - 4*a*c), 0]

Rule 307

Int[(x_)^2/Sqrt[(a_) + (b_.)*(x_)^4], x_Symbol] :> With[{q = Rt[-(b/a), 2]}, -Dist[q^(-1), Int[1/Sqrt[a + b*x^
4], x], x] + Dist[1/q, Int[(1 + q*x^2)/Sqrt[a + b*x^4], x], x]] /; FreeQ[{a, b}, x] && NegQ[b/a]

Rule 221

Int[1/Sqrt[(a_) + (b_.)*(x_)^4], x_Symbol] :> Simp[EllipticF[ArcSin[(Rt[-b, 4]*x)/Rt[a, 4]], -1]/(Rt[a, 4]*Rt[
-b, 4]), x] /; FreeQ[{a, b}, x] && NegQ[b/a] && GtQ[a, 0]

Rule 1199

Int[((d_) + (e_.)*(x_)^2)/Sqrt[(a_) + (c_.)*(x_)^4], x_Symbol] :> Dist[d/Sqrt[a], Int[Sqrt[1 + (e*x^2)/d]/Sqrt
[1 - (e*x^2)/d], x], x] /; FreeQ[{a, c, d, e}, x] && NegQ[c/a] && EqQ[c*d^2 + a*e^2, 0] && GtQ[a, 0]

Rule 424

Int[Sqrt[(a_) + (b_.)*(x_)^2]/Sqrt[(c_) + (d_.)*(x_)^2], x_Symbol] :> Simp[(Sqrt[a]*EllipticE[ArcSin[Rt[-(d/c)
, 2]*x], (b*c)/(a*d)])/(Sqrt[c]*Rt[-(d/c), 2]), x] /; FreeQ[{a, b, c, d}, x] && NegQ[d/c] && GtQ[c, 0] && GtQ[
a, 0]

Rubi steps

\begin{align*} \int \frac{\sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}{(b d+2 c d x)^{3/2}} \, dx &=-\frac{\sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}{c d \sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}+\frac{\int \frac{\sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}{\sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}} \, dx}{2 c d^2}\\ &=-\frac{\sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}{c d \sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}+\frac{\sqrt{-\frac{c \left (a+b x+c x^2\right )}{b^2-4 a c}} \int \frac{\sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}{\sqrt{-\frac{a c}{b^2-4 a c}-\frac{b c x}{b^2-4 a c}-\frac{c^2 x^2}{b^2-4 a c}}} \, dx}{2 c d^2 \sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}\\ &=-\frac{\sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}{c d \sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}+\frac{\sqrt{-\frac{c \left (a+b x+c x^2\right )}{b^2-4 a c}} \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{x^2}{\sqrt{1-\frac{x^4}{\left (b^2-4 a c\right ) d^2}}} \, dx,x,\sqrt{b d+2 c d x}\right )}{c^2 d^3 \sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}\\ &=-\frac{\sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}{c d \sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}-\frac{\left (\sqrt{b^2-4 a c} \sqrt{-\frac{c \left (a+b x+c x^2\right )}{b^2-4 a c}}\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-\frac{x^4}{\left (b^2-4 a c\right ) d^2}}} \, dx,x,\sqrt{b d+2 c d x}\right )}{c^2 d^2 \sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}+\frac{\left (\sqrt{b^2-4 a c} \sqrt{-\frac{c \left (a+b x+c x^2\right )}{b^2-4 a c}}\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{1+\frac{x^2}{\sqrt{b^2-4 a c} d}}{\sqrt{1-\frac{x^4}{\left (b^2-4 a c\right ) d^2}}} \, dx,x,\sqrt{b d+2 c d x}\right )}{c^2 d^2 \sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}\\ &=-\frac{\sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}{c d \sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}-\frac{\left (b^2-4 a c\right )^{3/4} \sqrt{-\frac{c \left (a+b x+c x^2\right )}{b^2-4 a c}} F\left (\left .\sin ^{-1}\left (\frac{\sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}{\sqrt [4]{b^2-4 a c} \sqrt{d}}\right )\right |-1\right )}{c^2 d^{3/2} \sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}+\frac{\left (\sqrt{b^2-4 a c} \sqrt{-\frac{c \left (a+b x+c x^2\right )}{b^2-4 a c}}\right ) \operatorname{Subst}\left (\int \frac{\sqrt{1+\frac{x^2}{\sqrt{b^2-4 a c} d}}}{\sqrt{1-\frac{x^2}{\sqrt{b^2-4 a c} d}}} \, dx,x,\sqrt{b d+2 c d x}\right )}{c^2 d^2 \sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}\\ &=-\frac{\sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}{c d \sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}+\frac{\left (b^2-4 a c\right )^{3/4} \sqrt{-\frac{c \left (a+b x+c x^2\right )}{b^2-4 a c}} E\left (\left .\sin ^{-1}\left (\frac{\sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}{\sqrt [4]{b^2-4 a c} \sqrt{d}}\right )\right |-1\right )}{c^2 d^{3/2} \sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}-\frac{\left (b^2-4 a c\right )^{3/4} \sqrt{-\frac{c \left (a+b x+c x^2\right )}{b^2-4 a c}} F\left (\left .\sin ^{-1}\left (\frac{\sqrt{b d+2 c d x}}{\sqrt [4]{b^2-4 a c} \sqrt{d}}\right )\right |-1\right )}{c^2 d^{3/2} \sqrt{a+b x+c x^2}}\\ \end{align*}

Mathematica [C]  time = 0.0455986, size = 91, normalized size = 0.4 $-\frac{\sqrt{a+x (b+c x)} \, _2F_1\left (-\frac{1}{2},-\frac{1}{4};\frac{3}{4};\frac{(b+2 c x)^2}{b^2-4 a c}\right )}{2 c d \sqrt{\frac{c (a+x (b+c x))}{4 a c-b^2}} \sqrt{d (b+2 c x)}}$

Antiderivative was successfully veriﬁed.

[In]

Integrate[Sqrt[a + b*x + c*x^2]/(b*d + 2*c*d*x)^(3/2),x]

[Out]

-(Sqrt[a + x*(b + c*x)]*Hypergeometric2F1[-1/2, -1/4, 3/4, (b + 2*c*x)^2/(b^2 - 4*a*c)])/(2*c*d*Sqrt[d*(b + 2*
c*x)]*Sqrt[(c*(a + x*(b + c*x)))/(-b^2 + 4*a*c)])

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Maple [A]  time = 0.314, size = 325, normalized size = 1.4 \begin{align*}{\frac{1}{2\,{d}^{2} \left ( 2\,{c}^{2}{x}^{3}+3\,bc{x}^{2}+2\,acx+{b}^{2}x+ab \right ){c}^{2}}\sqrt{c{x}^{2}+bx+a}\sqrt{d \left ( 2\,cx+b \right ) } \left ( 4\,{\it EllipticE} \left ( 1/2\,\sqrt{{\frac{b+2\,cx+\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}}}{\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}}}}}\sqrt{2},\sqrt{2} \right ) ac\sqrt{{\frac{b+2\,cx+\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}}}{\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}}}}}\sqrt{-{\frac{2\,cx+b}{\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}}}}}\sqrt{{\frac{-b-2\,cx+\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}}}{\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}}}}}-{\it EllipticE} \left ({\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\sqrt{{ \left ( b+2\,cx+\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}} \right ){\frac{1}{\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}}}}}}},\sqrt{2} \right ){b}^{2}\sqrt{{ \left ( b+2\,cx+\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}} \right ){\frac{1}{\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}}}}}}\sqrt{-{(2\,cx+b){\frac{1}{\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}}}}}}\sqrt{{ \left ( -b-2\,cx+\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}} \right ){\frac{1}{\sqrt{-4\,ac+{b}^{2}}}}}}-2\,{c}^{2}{x}^{2}-2\,bcx-2\,ac \right ) } \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

int((c*x^2+b*x+a)^(1/2)/(2*c*d*x+b*d)^(3/2),x)

[Out]

1/2*(c*x^2+b*x+a)^(1/2)*(d*(2*c*x+b))^(1/2)*(4*EllipticE(1/2*((b+2*c*x+(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2))/(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2))
^(1/2)*2^(1/2),2^(1/2))*a*c*((b+2*c*x+(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2))/(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2))^(1/2)*(-(2*c*x+b)/(-4*a*c+b^2)^(
1/2))^(1/2)*((-b-2*c*x+(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2))/(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2))^(1/2)-EllipticE(1/2*((b+2*c*x+(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2
))/(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2))^(1/2)*2^(1/2),2^(1/2))*b^2*((b+2*c*x+(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2))/(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2))^(1/2)*(-(2
*c*x+b)/(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2))^(1/2)*((-b-2*c*x+(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2))/(-4*a*c+b^2)^(1/2))^(1/2)-2*c^2*x^2-2*b*c*x-2
*a*c)/d^2/(2*c^2*x^3+3*b*c*x^2+2*a*c*x+b^2*x+a*b)/c^2

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Maxima [F]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \int \frac{\sqrt{c x^{2} + b x + a}}{{\left (2 \, c d x + b d\right )}^{\frac{3}{2}}}\,{d x} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate((c*x^2+b*x+a)^(1/2)/(2*c*d*x+b*d)^(3/2),x, algorithm="maxima")

[Out]

integrate(sqrt(c*x^2 + b*x + a)/(2*c*d*x + b*d)^(3/2), x)

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Fricas [F]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*}{\rm integral}\left (\frac{\sqrt{2 \, c d x + b d} \sqrt{c x^{2} + b x + a}}{4 \, c^{2} d^{2} x^{2} + 4 \, b c d^{2} x + b^{2} d^{2}}, x\right ) \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate((c*x^2+b*x+a)^(1/2)/(2*c*d*x+b*d)^(3/2),x, algorithm="fricas")

[Out]

integral(sqrt(2*c*d*x + b*d)*sqrt(c*x^2 + b*x + a)/(4*c^2*d^2*x^2 + 4*b*c*d^2*x + b^2*d^2), x)

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Sympy [F]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \int \frac{\sqrt{a + b x + c x^{2}}}{\left (d \left (b + 2 c x\right )\right )^{\frac{3}{2}}}\, dx \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate((c*x**2+b*x+a)**(1/2)/(2*c*d*x+b*d)**(3/2),x)

[Out]

Integral(sqrt(a + b*x + c*x**2)/(d*(b + 2*c*x))**(3/2), x)

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Giac [F]  time = 0., size = 0, normalized size = 0. \begin{align*} \int \frac{\sqrt{c x^{2} + b x + a}}{{\left (2 \, c d x + b d\right )}^{\frac{3}{2}}}\,{d x} \end{align*}

Veriﬁcation of antiderivative is not currently implemented for this CAS.

[In]

integrate((c*x^2+b*x+a)^(1/2)/(2*c*d*x+b*d)^(3/2),x, algorithm="giac")

[Out]

integrate(sqrt(c*x^2 + b*x + a)/(2*c*d*x + b*d)^(3/2), x)